Industrial Profile Lahaul & Spiti

Spread the love

Government of India
Brief Industrial Profile of Lahaul & Spiti District
e-mail: dcdi-soiaoficmsmegovin
Web- wmwmsmedihimachalnicin
PDF download

Contents
S. No. Topic
Page No
1. General Characteristics of the District
1
1.1 Location & Geographical Area
1
1.2 Topography
1
1.3 Availability of Minerals.
2
1.4 Forest
2
1.5 Administrative set up
2-3
2. District at a glance
3-5
2.1 Existing Status of Industrial Area in the District Lahaul & Spiti
6
3. lndustrial Scenario Of Lahaul & Spiti
6
3.1 Industry at a Glance
6
3.2 Year Wise Trend Of Units Registered
6-7
3.3 Details Of Existing Micro & Small Enterprises & Artisan Units In The
District
7-8
3.4 Large Scale Industries / Public Sector undertakings
8
3.5 Major Exportable Item
8
3.6 Growth Trend
8
3.7 Vendorisation / Ancillarisation of the Industry
8
3.8 Medium Scale Enterprises
9
3.8.1 Major Exportable ltem
9
3.9 Service Enterprises
9
3.9.1 Potentials areas for sen/ice industry
9
3.10 Potential for new MSMEs
9-10
4. Existing Clusters of Micro & Small Enterprise
10
5. General issues raised by industry association during the course of
meeting
10
6 Steps to set up MSMEs
11-12

Brief Industrial Profile of Lahaul & Spiti
District
1. General Characteristics of the District
Lahaul & Spiti district came into existence on lst July, 1960 with the headquarter at
Keylong. This district covers an area of 13,833 Sq. Km. and is the largest district of
Himachal Pradesh in size. It si located in the northeastem part of the state and is
bounded by district kullu in the south, Kangra in the southwest, Chamba in the west,
Jammu & Kashmir state in the north and Tibet in the east. Lahaul & Spiti district
consist of three sub divisions viz. Udaipur, Lahaul and Spitiwith the headquarters at
Udaipur, Keylong and Kaza. The district is declared as tribal area and is covered
under Integrated Tribal Development Programme. The district is thinly populated
having population of only 31,528 as per the population census of 201 1.
The economy of the district is predomibnantly agriculture based. About 80% of
the population is engaged in agriculture and its allied activities. Potato, Peas, Hops
and Seabakthorn fetch good price to the inhabitants in the district. Beside agriculture,
animal husbandary also play an important role in the life of the people in Lahaul &
Spiti. The entire area of Lahaul & Spiti remains under snow from November to April
each year. The climate is dry temperate, which is suitable for cultivation of apples,
dry fruits and hops. Due to the geographical factors and bulk of workforce being
engaged in agriculture and its allied activities, the district is industrially most
backward in the state.
1.1 Location & Geographical Area.
Lahaul & Spiti district covers the 13,833 Sq Kms or 9,1 1,165 Hectares area. To
its south is situated the beautiful valley of Kullu across the Rohtang Pass and the Bara
Bangahal across the “Asakh” pass (505lMtrs) . its eastern and south eastern boundaries
coincide with those of Spiti and Wcstem Tibet across the Kunzom Pass. To its north
situated the valleys of Zanskar and Ladakh across Shingola and Baralacha la
respectivelylts western boundaries touch the Pangi and Churah areas of Distt. Chamba.
1.2 Topography
The topograpohy of the district is entirely hilly. The altitude of the district from mean
sea level lies at 10,050 feet. Lahaul & Spiti is situated at an altitude of 3340 m. in the
north eastern corner of Himachal Pradesh. The valley of Lahaul is situated to the south of
Ladakh. For this very reason this place derived its name “Lho-Yul” meaning “Southern
Country“.
1

1.3 Availability of Minerals.
PRODUCTION OF MINERAL 2010-11
S.NO. NAME OF MINERAL PRODUCTION in tones
2010-2011
MAJOR MINERAL
1
Nil
2
Nil
3
Nil
4
Nil
MINOR
1
.Agregate 31377
2
9’
P
SOURCE:- DEPT. OF MINES & GEOLOGY.,
1.4 FOREST
Lahaul and Spiti district has been divided into two forest diovisions viz. Lahaul
forest division with the headquarter at Keylong and Spiti forest division with the
headquarter at Kaza. The climate of major parts of the district is not conducive
for growing the natural trees due to which the major forest resources in the district
are not available. However some timber trees are available in the lower parts of
the district and the people of the area has already started planting buel (lacal
name) which meets the need for fuel and fodder for the cattle. Saru trees are also
available which acts as the means of fuel and its leaves are also used as dhoop on
the special occasions. On the other side the district is rich in minor forest produce
such as patish, karu, kalazira, dhoop, panza, hyphopia etc. The Spiti block being
a cold desert has a negligible forest. Total forest are in the district is 1.37.376
hectares.
1.5 Administrative set up.
Lahaul and Spiti district which covers an area of 13,833 Sq. Kms. consists of
three sub divisions viz. Keylong, Kaza and Udaipur. The district has two Tehsils
viz. Lahaul at Keylong and Spiti at Kaza and one sub-Tehsil named Udaipur.
2

2. District at a glance
There are two Development blocks in the district viz. Lahaul and Spiti. The
district has 41 Gram Panchayats and 521 Villages.
S.No
Particular
Year
Unit
Statistics
1
Geographical featur
GS
(A)
Geographical Data
l) Latitude
31 44′ 57″ and 32
59′
57″ North
ii) Longitude
76 46′ 29″ and 78
41′
34” East
m) Geographical Area
2011
Hectares
9,11,195
(B)
Administrative Units
2011
N0.
i) Sub divisions
3
ii) Tehsils
2
111) Sub-Tehsil
1
iv) Patwar Circle
v) Panchayat Simitis
vi)Nagar nigam
vii) Nagar Palika
vm) Gram Panchayats
41
xi) Revenue villages
x) Assembly Area
1
2.
Population
(A)
Sex-wise
1) Male
2011
No.
16,455
ii) Female
2011
15,073
(B)
Rural Population
2011
3
1,528 (100%)
3.
Agriculture
A.
Land utilization
l) Total Area
2010-11
Hectare
9,11,195
ii) Forest cover
2010-11
1,37,376
m) Non Agriculture Land
2010-11
16,257
v) cultivable Barren
land
2010-11
568
4.
For est
(l) Forest
2010-11
Ha.
1,37,376
3

Livestock & Poultry
Cattle
i) Cows (Cattle)
2007
Nos.
12,280
ii) Buffaloes
2007
Nos.
Other livestock
i) Goats
2007
Nos.
8,443
ii) Yak
2007
Nos.
1,290
m) Dogs & Bitches
2007
Nos.
215
iv) Railways
i) Length of rail line
2010-11
Kms
V) Roads
(a) National Highway
2010-11
Kms
(b) State Highway
2010-
11
Kms
(c) Main District Highway
2010-
11
Kms
(d) Other district & Rural
Roads
2010-11
Kms
222
(e) Rural roadl
Agriculture Marketing
Board Roads
2010-11
Kms
(f) Kachacha Road
2010-11
Kms
568
(VI) Communication
(a) Telephone
connection
2010-11
Nos.
Landline= 1871
WLL = 868
(Lahaul Area only)
(b) Post offices
2010-11
Nos.
47
(c) Telephone center
2010-11
Nos.
14
(d )Density of Telephone
2010-11
Nos./1000
person
88
(e) Density of Telephone
2010-11
No. per KM.
5
(f) PCO Rural
2010-11
No.
30
(g) PCO STD
2010-11
No.
0
(ll) Mobile
2010-11
No.
(VII) Public Health
4

(a)Allopathic Hospital
(b)Beds in Allopathic
hospitals
(c)Ayurvedic Hospital
(d)Beds in Ayurvedic
hospitals
(e)Unani hospitals
(f) Community health
centers
(g)Primary health
centers
(h)Dispensaries
(i) Sub Health
Centers
(j) Private hospitals
2010-11
No.
No.
No.
No.
No.
No.
No.
No.
No.
No.
1
1
10
3
15
5
36
(Vlll) Banking
commercial
(a) Commercial Bank
2012
Nos.
10
(b) rural Bank
Products
Nos.
1
(c) Co-Operative
bank products
Nos.
5
(d) PLDB Branches
Nos.
1
(IX) Education
(a) Primary school
15.6.12
Nos.
10607
(b) Middle schools
Nos.
2302
(c) Secondary & senior
secondary schools
Nos.
(d) Colleges
Nos.
1
(e) Technical University
5
Nos.

2.1 Existing Status of Industrial Areas in the District Lahual &
Spiti
There is no Industrial Area in Lahaul &Spiti.
3.INDUSTRIAL SCENARIO OF Lahaul & Spiti
Lahaul & Spiti district which is the tribal district of Himachal Pradesh, is
industrially under developed. There are very few industrial enterprises in the
district on account of topographical constraints and severe climatic conditions.
Most of the industrial units as given in the subsequent sections, are handloom
based units such as shawls, caps, patti and other woolen garments manufactured
on handloom. There are 400 industrial enterprises registered in the district out of
which 328 are working, providing employment to 640 persons.
3.1 Industry at a Glance (As on 31.03.2012)
fig Head Unit Particulars
1- REGISTERED INDUSTRIAL UNIT NO. 328
(Working only)
2- TOTAL INDUSTRIAL UNIT NO. 328
3- REGISTERED MEDIUM & LARGE UNIT NO. N”
4- ESTIMATED AVG. NO. OF DAILY NO. 2
WORKER EMPLOYED IN SMALL
SCALE INDUSTRIES
5- EMPLOYMENT IN LARGE AND NO. NH
MEDIUM INDUSTRIES
6- NO. OF INDUSTRIAL AREA NO. NH
7- TURNOVER OF SMALL SCALE IND. IN LACS N_A
3- TURNOVER OF MEDIUM & LARGE IN LACS N_A
SCALE INDUSTRIES
3.2 YEAR WISE TREND OF UNITS REGISTERED
YEAR NUMBER OF EMPLOYMENT INVESTMENT
REGISTERED (Iakh Rs.)
UNITS
Up to 1984-85 25 46 1.54
1985-86
26
60
5.92
1986-87
18
43
1.64
1987-88
16
36
3.15
1988-89
17
24
2.72
6

1989-90 15
22 1.50
1 990-91 1 3
27 3.18
1991-92 20
22 5.07
1992-93 21
30 6.25
1993-94 33
56 8.15
1994-95 33
90 13.68
1995-96 24
34 9.38
1996-97 35
69 16.57
1997-98 15
31 13.58
1998-99 17
30 11.34
1999-2000 17
27 2.17
2000-01 1 2
25 10.44
2001-2002 8
20 4.39
2002-03 6
22 13.94
bl
2003-04
9 1.34
-I>
2004-05
16 5.08
OJ
2005-06
6 30.88
-l>
2006-07
22 9.54
_\
2007-08
3 2.25
-l>
2008-09
17 9.54
2009-1 0
(J1
28 21.88
2010-11
U1
17 3.52
Total 400
832 218.64
Source: DIC DIC, Keylong
3.3 DETAILS OF EXISTING MICRO & SMALL ENTERPRISES AND
ARTISAN UNITS IN THE DISTRICT
““°°°DE TYPE OF ‘ NUMBER INVESTMENT EMPLOYMENT
INDUSTRY
OF UNITS (Lakh Rs.)
20
l Agro based |
1000
-P
NJ
G)
O1
22
Soda water
23
Cotton textile
l
l
24. ‘
Woolen, silk & artificial Thread 230 90.00
based clothes.
C»)
\l
(J1
7

25. Jute &jute based
26. Ready-made garments &
embroidery
1
0.70
5
27. Wood/wooden based furniture
5
8.00
12
28. Paper & Paper products
29. Leather based
31. Chemical/Chemical based
30. Rubber, Plastic & petro based
32. Mineral based
3
40.50
30
33. Metal based (Steel Fab.)
15
20.00
30
35. Engineering units
36_ Electrical machinery and transport equipment
97. Repairing & servicing
14
571
50
O1. Others
18
1 .
30.80
53
328
215.71
640
3.4 Large Scale Industries I Public Sector undertakings
There is no large scale industry/Public Sector Undertaking in the district as it is the tribal
district of the district.
3.5 Major Exportable Item
Since the district is tribal and remain inaccessible for more than 7 months in a year, there
is no exportable item in this district.
3.6 Growth Trend
The growth of industries in the district is negligible as is evident from the above tables
The reason for the same is that the district is entirely tribal district and remains
inaccessible for more than 6 months in a year.
3.7 Vendorisation I Ancillarisation of the Industry
There is no scope for vendorisation/ancillarisation in the district.
8
Source: DIC Keylong

3.8. Medium Scale Enterprises
There is no medium scale enterprise in the district.
3.8.1 Major Exportable Item
There is neither major exportable item nor minor exportable item in the district.
3.9 Service Enterprises
The population of the district is very less. Most of the people of the district have double
establishment and migrate during the winter to Kullu district. Hence there is very little
scope for the service enterprises to be established in the district. However, on the basis of
tourists visiting the district during the summer season, the potential service enterprises as
given at 3.9.1 has scope of developing in the district.
3.9.1 Potentials areas for service industry
I) Fast Food II) Travelling Agencies
III) Cyber Café IV) Ropeways
V) Restaurants VI) Beauty Parlour
VII) Color Lab VIII) Screen Printing
IX) Data Processing X) Computer Repair
XI) Mobile Repair XI) PCO/Photostat
XII) Auto Repair XIII)Repair of Elect. Appliances
XIV) Dairy Fanning XV) Dry Cleaning
XVI) Lamination
3.10 Potential for new MSMEs
As has been discussed earlier, there is little scope for industrialization in the district
owing to the topographical and climatic conditions. The population of the district is also
very less for the industrialization to take place. There is no Industrial Area in the district
where industries could be set up. However, on the basis of resources available in the
district and demand available from the residents and tourists, following enterprises could
be set up in the district.
I) Fmit Processing II) Cattle Feed
III) Dairy Products IV) Essential Oil/Cedar wood oil
V) Herbs collection & Processing VI) Apple/Fruit Cider
VII) Potato Chips VIII) Wooden Toys/Novelties
IX) Pickles X) Hosiery Products
XI) Woolen products XII) Honey Processing
XIII) Bakery Products XIV) Solar Lights
XV) Mini Flour Mill XVI) Ag./Hort. Implements
9

XVII) School Uniform
XIX) Readymade garments
XXI) Shawl/Patti weaving
XXII) Paper Bags
XXIV) Laundry soap
XXVI) Wooden Furniture
XXVIII) Steel Fabrication
XVIII) Jute Bags
XX) Milk Products
XXI) Book Binding
XXIII) Detergent Powder
XXV) Tyre Retreading
XXVII) Dhoop/Agarbati
XXIX) Sheet Metal Products
4. Existinq Clusters of Micro & Small Enterprise
There is no cluster in the district.
5. General issues raised by industry association durinq the course
of meeting
There is no Industries Association in the district.
l0

6. STEPS TO SET UP MSMEs
Following are the brief description of different agencies for rendering assistance
to the entrepreneurs.
S.No
Type of assistance
Name and address of
agencies
1.
Provisional Registration Certificate
( EM-1) & Permanent Registration
Certificate ( EM-ll)
G.M., DIC, Keylong
2.
Identification of Project Profiles,
techno-economic and managerial
consultancy services, market survey
and economic survey reports.
i) MSME Development
Institute, Chambaghat, Solan
ii) HIMCON, C/o Bridge View
Hotel, The Mall, Shimla
3.
Land and Industrial shed
i) G.M., DIC, Keylong
4.
Financial Assistance
i) All Commercial Banks in the
district
ii)Private Banks
m) Cooperative and Gramin
Banks
iv) ADO, KVIB, Keylong
v) District Manager, SC/ST
Development Corp. Keylong
5.
For raw materials under Govt. Supply
i)HPSSI&EC, Kishor Bhawan,
The Mall, Shimla
ii) Director of Industries,
Udyog Bhawan, Bamloe,
Shimla
6.
Plant and machinery under hire /
purchase basis.
NSIC, Chandigarh
7.
Powerl Electricity
HP State Electricity Board,
Keylong
8.
Technical Know —how.
i) MSME Development
Institute, Chambaghat, Solan
ii) HIMCON, C/0 Bridge View
Hotel, The Mall, Shimla
ll

Quality & Standard
i)Director, Bureau of Indian
Standard, Parwanoo
Marketing /Export Assistance
i)Director of Industries, Udyog
Bhawan, Bamloe, Shimla
ii) MSME Development
Institute, Chan-ibaghat, Solan
Other Promotional Agencies
i) Himachal Pradesh
Financial
Corporation
ii) NABARD
I2